USS Galileo :: Wiki - =^= 6.1.0 - Akkadian

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=^= 6.1.0 - Akkadian

Created by Captain Lirha Saalm on 30 May 2014 @ 4:39pm

Starfleet Medical Database



Akkadians

Table of Contents:




Members

  • Breeding males being approximately 1.5 to 1.8 meters tall but weighing less then the average human adult male with ranges approximately 63 to 70 kg.

  • Females, which are all fertile, range in height equivalent to breeding males but more gracile in structure with weights 40 to 50 kg.

  • Non-breeding sterile males are also present with heights 1.9 to 2.2 meters and weights of 95 to 115 kg average. Primarily work in heavy labor. Hollowness of the bones is greatly reduced and larger; air sacs reduced as well but lungs more prominent.

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Respiratory System

  • Unidirectional Air Flow similar to Terran birds (Air flows only once into the lungs)

  • Lungs with Air Sacs
    • One (1) Interclavicular Air Sac

    • Two (2) Cervical Air Sacs

    • Two (2) Anterior Thoracic Air Sacs

    • Two (2) Posterior Thoracic Air Sacs

    • Two (2) Abdominal Air Sacs

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Respiratory Cycle

  • Anterior Air Sacs -(1) Interclavicular, (2) Cervicals, and (2) Anterior Thoracics

  • Posterior Air Sacs - (2) Posterior Thoracics and (2) Abdominals

  • Inhalation - Air from outside the body into the Posterior Air Sacs

  • Exhalation - Air from Posterior Air Sacs to Lungs

  • Inhalation - Air from the lungs to the Anterior Air Sacs

  • Exhalation - Air from the Anterior Air Sacs out of the body

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Nervous and Execratory System

  • Organized similar to humans

  • There are some modifications to the execratory system due to diet.

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Digestive System

  • Flight and most daily activities have a need for sugar. Repair and especially the development of eggs require a source of protein.

  • The digestive system is organized in a way that Akkadians can store food of both types (sugar and blood) which can be utilized to give access to both as needed.

  • When a sugar solution is imbibed it goes not to the stomach but is redirected to a special pouch called a crop. The crop can release sugar into the stomach as it is required. At the same time, the stomach never becomes full of a sugar solution which would prevent the utilization of blood when it is available.

  • Blood is directed straight into the stomach. Blood imbibed into the stomach is surrounded by a peritrophic membrane secreted by the stomach that surrounds the blood bolus to prevent pathogenic organisms in the blood bolus from crossing into the Akkadian blood stream while digestion occurs.

  • The blood bolus is then passed to a secondary stomach which is connected directly to the kidneys.

  • As the secondary stomach contracts the fluid from the blood bolus is thus sent directly to kidneys in order for it to be eliminated. The bolus is then passed into the midgut for digestion, thus freeing the stomach to continue to be able to absorb sugar.

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Visual System

  • Two eyes
    • Transitional compound eyes. Omatidia or facets become less pronounced toward the middle with the center being a larger lens for ability to make for increased visual imaging.

    • This allows detailed imaging which normal facets do not but retains the ability to detect movement much finer then the normal single lens eye.
      • Parts of the eye in females are specialized an acute fovea - an area specialized for detailed imaging (this is used for visual nagivation - see reproduction)
    • Capable of perceiving light in 280 to 700 nm range. Thus, they are capable of seeing into the ultra-violet range but lack sensitivity in the red range compared to humans. The metallic streaks in the hair will show patterns if viewed in UV light.

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Circulatory System

  • Haemoglobin - iron based

  • Hearts:
    • There are a total of 3 hearts.
      • The first consist of twin two-chambered hearts which supply blood to the respiratory system and wing musculature.

      • The third is a four-chambered heart to supply blood to the rest of the body and interconnected with the two chambered system.

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Skeletal System

  • Akkadian skeleton is highly adapted for flight. It is very lightweight but strong enough to withstand the stressed of taking off, flying and landing.

  • Parts of the skeleton where the wings attach are fused into a single ossification.

  • Many of the bones are pneumatized (hollow) with criss-crossing struts and trusses for structural strength.

  • Respiratory air sacs form air pockets within the semi-hollow bones.

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Wings

  • Akkadian are remarkable in that they represent one of the few known humanoids possessing natural flight.

  • The wings are organized into two pairs the forewings and the hindwings.

  • Each of the wings is strengthened by a number of longitudinal veins having cross-connections that form cells in the membrane.

  • The wing muscles are attached directly to the wing base such that a small downward movement lifts the wing, another set pulls the wing back down.
    • Since each wing is independently connected, this results in the amazing ability of being able to hover, fly backwards and dart.

    • Due to independent nature of the wings, the hind wings can beat a fraction of a second different and take advantage of air flowing off the forewings resulting in a highly efficient form of flight
  • At rest, the wings are held flat and can be folded along specific fold lines. The pressure in the veins can be relaxed as well to allow the wings to 'flex' further.

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Reproductive System and Reproduction

  • Internal insemination between breeding males and females.

  • Males have internal testes (due to lower body temperature) but external phallus.

  • Female's posses a vagina that branches into two oviducts leading to the ovaries (two).

  • Both fertile males and females remain fertile until their last year of life

  • The females if fertilized then produce eggs which they then lay in the shallow waters of the many coral reefs. In order to do so, they develop a set of membranous wings similar to dragonfly or technically damselfly wings since they lay parallel to the body. Fertile males may sometimes develop wings but it is quite uncommon for them to do so.

  • Henimetabolic development in which there is an egg, a nymph stage and then an adult stage.

  • The eggs develop and emerge as a nymph stage in a small humanoid form which the Akkadians call Khar'atah but lacking legs and equipped with a tail for life in the oceans.

  • The nymph phases of Akkadian development spends about a year at sea and then go back to where they were laid and gathered again by the females.

  • Nymphs then develop rapidly into small adult forms.

  • The late stage nymphs are nourished as in mammals.
    • Hormonal variations in the milk determine if the developing youngling becomes non-fertile male, breeding male or female.

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Diet

  • Optional hematophages (From Greek haima meaning blood and phagein meaning 'to eat'; thus literally blood eating or to feed on blood. A very easy and rich source of protein and lipids). Optional means they do not always utilize blood as a food source.

  • They also feed on fruit, fruit juices and other fluids.
    • The females especially when producing eggs for reproduction become much more obligatory (only source) hematophages. This is because egg production requires such a high protein and caloric intake.

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Metabolism

  • Technically ectothermic in that Akkadians do not have internal regulation of body temperature.

  • They are classed though as bradymetabolic in that Akkadians can have quite high active metabolism but drop considerably at resting.

  • In cold or in lack of nourishment they can naturally shut down their metabolism to a near death state.

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Other

  • Territorial, breeding is done within an enclave (a group which Akkadians have organized into Guilds).

  • However, members of other Guilds are routinely married into other Guilds to ensure genetic diversity and to increase certain genetic traits.

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(Created by Allyndra illm Warraquim, USS Galileo)


Categories: Science Database